Maximize Wealth: High-Income Earner’s Guide to Roth IRA Conversions

Success, whether in your personal or professional life, often results in an accumulation  of wealth that necessitates a more sophisticated approach to financial planning. In Washington, D.C., high-income earners constantly look for ways to safeguard and grow their financial legacies. One underutilized strategy is the Roth IRA conversion.

While often overlooked, this tool can provide unique benefits ranging from tax-free growth and withdrawals to superior estate and legacy planning with enhanced flexibility and control.

Remember, thoughtful financial planning isn’t just about accumulating wealth – it’s about preserving it and ensuring it can provide for you and your loved ones, both now and in the future. If you’re a high-income earner, consider seeking advice from a wealth management professional in Washington, D.C., about whether a Roth IRA conversion is the right step.


3D Wealth Insights: Roth IRA Conversions.


Tax-free Growth and Withdrawals 

The foundation of any wealth management strategy is ensuring that the growth of your investments is maximized while overall tax liabilities are minimized. A Roth IRA shines in this regard. Unlike traditional IRAs, where withdrawals during retirement are taxed as ordinary income, a Roth IRA allows for tax-free growth and withdrawals.

Unfortunately, contributing to Roth IRAs has been limited to individuals with annual  incomes below specific thresholds.

For the 2023 tax year, the limits are:

  • $228,000 for married couples filing jointly
  • $153,000 for single filers

Fortunately, numerous employers have introduced Roth options to their 401(k) plans, allowing individuals to contribute post-tax payroll deductions into a Roth 401(k) with no income limits.


Backdoor Roth IRAs 

A Backdoor Roth IRA is a strategy for high-income earners to contribute to a Roth IRA  even when they exceed the income limit thresholds set by the IRS. This strategy is especially beneficial as it allows people to still take advantage of the tax benefits of a Roth IRA, including tax-free growth and tax-free withdrawals during retirement.

Here’s how a Backdoor Roth IRA works:

  1. Contribute to a Traditional IRA: High-income earners first contribute to a  traditional IRA. This contribution is typically non-deductible because they’re above the income limit for such deductions.
  2. Convert to a Roth IRA: After contributing to a traditional IRA, the person then converts the traditional IRA to a Roth IRA. This is often called a “Roth  conversion” or “Rollover.”

The conversion allows you to contribute to a Roth IRA, bypassing the income limits that would otherwise prevent you from making regular annual contributions.

Here are some key points to consider:

  • No Income Limits on Conversions: There are no income limits on Roth IRA  conversions. This means high earners can convert a traditional IRA to a Roth  IRA no matter their income level.
  • Taxes on Conversions: When you convert a traditional IRA to a Roth IRA, you’ll owe taxes on any pre-tax contributions and earnings in your traditional IRA. However, if you made non-deductible contributions (as in this case), you’ll only owe taxes on the earnings (if any) between the time you contributed and when you converted.
  • No Required Minimum Distributions: Roth IRAs do not require minimum distributions during the original owner’s lifetime, unlike traditional IRAs. This allows the assets in the Roth IRA to grow tax-free for a more extended period.
  • Tax-Free Withdrawals: Withdrawals from a Roth IRA are tax-free in retirement, assuming you are over 59.5 and have held the account for at least five years. This can be a significant advantage compared to a traditional IRA, where withdrawals are taxed as regular income.
  • Pro-Rata Rule: This rule states that if you have any other traditional IRAs (with  deductible contributions and earnings), the IRS considers all your IRAs as one  for taxation purposes at the time of conversion. This can lead to a higher tax bill than expected if you only intended to convert non-deductible contributions. It’s often called the “Aggregation Rule” and is something to watch out for when using the backdoor strategy.

Remember that the IRS rules can be complex and tax laws change, so it’s always a good idea to consult with your tax advisor.

How Brown | Miller Can Help: The core premise of our retirement strategies is recognizing and accounting for the inevitability of change – in both your circumstances and the investment environments. It would be short-sighted on our part to design a rigid plan with no room for adjustments based on inevitable changes. Rest assured, we operate with complete transparency, harboring no hidden motives. By choosing Brown |  Miller, you enlist us as your trustworthy navigator through all career stages and into your retirement years.


Estate and Legacy Planning

A Roth IRA conversion can also be an integral tool for estate and legacy planning. Unlike a traditional IRA, Roth IRAs don’t require you to take required minimum  distributions (RMDs) during your lifetime. This allows all of your assets to grow tax-free, potentially increasing the amount left to your heirs.

Wealth management professionals in Washington DC can work closely with you to  navigate this complex process, helping you with both the conversion process and identifying potential benefits for your specific estate and legacy planning goals. Through a Roth IRA conversion, you create a tax-efficient retirement plan for yourself and a financial legacy that can benefit your loved ones.

How Brown | Miller Can Help: Our team of Washington DC CERTIFIED FINANCIAL  PLANNER™ professionals are here to assist you in navigating your retirement planning  journey. We will work with you to create a plan to enhance your lifestyle while incorporating the legacy you envision leaving for your family and loved ones.


Flexibility and Control  

Financial planners in DC will tell you that having control and flexibility over your investments is critical, especially in uncertain economic times. A Roth IRA conversion can be part of this flexibility.

Since minimum distributions are not required with Roth IRAs, you have complete control over when and how much you want to withdraw during retirement.

Moreover, in a financial emergency, you can withdraw the amount you converted to a Roth IRA without penalties or taxes as long as it has been at least five years since the  conversion. This cannot be done with traditional IRAs. A Roth IRA’s level of control and flexibility can be a lifeline when unexpected financial needs arise.

How Brown | Miller Can Help: Our identity lies in our service approach: consistent, unwavering dedication. Integrity and respect are our most treasured values, and we strive to cultivate and maintain a trusting bond with you as our client. As your reliable advisors, our core promise is to transform intricate challenges into compelling opportunities for growth. 



In the ever-changing landscape of wealth management in Washington DC, staying abreast of all the tools and strategies available to help grow and preserve your wealth is crucial. With their promise of tax-free growth and withdrawals, substantial estate and legacy planning advantages, and increased flexibility and control, Roth IRA conversions are an exceptional tool in the financial arsenal of successful individuals.

While they may not be suitable for everyone, high earners, in particular, may find substantial value in converting traditional IRAs to Roth IRAs. As always, it’s important to work closely with knowledgeable tax and financial planners who understand your unique financial situation and can guide you through the complexities of this strategy.

The Brown | Miller team specializes in helping successful, high-income earners create comprehensive retirement plans that often include Roth IRA conversions. To learn more about our customized retirement planning services, we’d be happy to schedule a time  for an introductory conversation.

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Author: Christopher W. Brown, CFP®, CIMA®

Christopher W. Brown is the Founder and Managing Principal at Brown | Miller Wealth Management.